Which entity to choose?
What should you do first? Start a business relationship with an experienced business lawyer. If you are considering starting a business, your first decision should be to start a relationship with a knowledgeable business formation and incorporation attorney. Law Offices of Inna Fershteyn will be happy to assist you. But before we begin, lets first pick the entity we are going to use to start our business.Law Offices of Inna Fershteyn has put together a chart to help our clients choose what entity may be more appropriate for them.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CORPORATION & LLC
What is a difference between an S-Corporation and a C-Corporation?
What is a difference between an S-Corporation and an LLC?
While the S corporation’s special tax status eliminates double taxation, it lacks the flexibility of an LLC in allocating income to the owners. An LLC may offer several classes of membership interests while an ‘S’ corporation may only have one class of stock.
Comparison Chart of C-Corporation, S-Corporation and LLC:
|DESCRIPTION||C-CORPORATION||S-CORPORATION||LLC (Limited Liability Company)|
|Type of Ownership||Stock, there maybe different classes.||Stock, but only one class. But can have voting and non-voting.||Membership Interests. There may be different classes of membership.|
|Eligible Owners||No restrictions.||100 shareholder limit. No non-individual and no non-resident alien shareholders.||No restrictions.|
|Management||Managed by director(s) and officer(s).||Directors and officers.||Managed by all members or designated manager(s).|
|Allocations of Ownership||No. Dividends must be paid based upon stock ownership.||Income, gain, and loss pass through to the shareholders based on percentage of shares owned.||Permitted if the allocations have substantial economic effect.|
|Transfer of Ownership||Shares freely transferred.||Shares can be transferred only to eligible S corporation shareholders.||There maybe restrictions under certain state laws.|
|Liabilities and Basis||Not increased.||Not increased.||Increased.|
|Tax Upon Sale||Potential double taxation. Corporation is taxed on sale of assets, shareholders taxed on dividends or capital gains tax.||Single tax at member level. Potential built-in gains tax if corp. had appreciated property at time of S corp. election.||Single tax at member level upon sale of appreciated assets. Generally, no tax on distribution of appreciated assets.|
|Fringe Benefits||Shareholders – Employees are eligible for most.||2% shareholders are ineligible for certain ones.||Members are ineligible for certain ones.|
|Pass Through of Losses||Losses not passed through.||Losses passed through to shareholders, subject to certain restrictions.||Losses passed through to members, subject to certain restrictions.|
|Fiscal Year||May use any fiscal year. Personal Service Corps must use a calendar year, subject to certain exceptions.||Must use calendar year, subject to certain exceptions.||Must use tax year of members having a majority interest in the LLC, or the tax year of all principal member if there is no majority member.|
|Liability of Owner||There is limited liability for shareholders, officers, and directors.||There is limited liability for shareholders, officers, and directors.||There is limited liability for owner(s) and manager(s).|
|Duration||Indefinitely.||Indefinitely||Dissolves at the time specified in the Operating Agreement or upon the loss of a member unless other members agree to continue.|